Tag Archives: Alexander III

The War of the Oaken Bucket

Medieval Italy was a complicated place, full of backstabbing political intrigues and competing city-states. Fromthe 12th until the 16th centuries northern Italy was split between the Guelphs and the Ghibellines, two factions who supported the Pope and the Holy Roman Empire respectively. This quarrel was essentially about primacy of power. The Holy Roman Emperors claimed that […]